Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov's Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in PDF

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

ISBN-10: 147982304X

ISBN-13: 9781479823048

Until very lately, the assumption of old Jewish sciences might were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early smooth and Medieval technological know-how in Jewish assets has been actively studied, however the consensus was once that no genuine clinical issues will be present in previous Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of study: the medical job glaring within the lifeless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The booklet of recent texts and new analyses of older ones unearths the most important components which are most sensible illuminated via the heritage of technological know-how, and should have attention-grabbing outcomes for it. The participants review those texts relating to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st accomplished try to account for clinical subject matters in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the that means and function of medical explorations in an apocalyptic atmosphere. An appreciation of those issues paves find out how to a renewed knowing of the medical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
 
The booklet first areas the Jewish fabric within the historic context of the close to japanese and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the leading edge of medical discovery, they discover a significant position within the background of technology, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The publication makes use of fresh advances in solution to learn the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their old environment. moment, the essays the following take on the frustrating notion of a countrywide medical culture. even though technology is these days usually conceived as common, the historiography of historical Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the advance of technological know-how in an area context. The booklet explores the stress among the hegemony of imperative clinical traditions and native medical agencies, displaying the relevance of historical information to modern postcolonial historiography of technology. eventually, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technological know-how are addressed in a manner which may enhance the dialogue of comparable historic materials.
 
Online version available as a part of the NYU Library's old global electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the examine of the traditional global (ISAW).

 

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Extra info for Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

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Menaḥot 99b; b. Bava Qamma 83a. See further my essay “Hellenism and Hellenization as Problematic Historiographical Categories,” in Paul Beyond the Judaism/Hellenism Divide (ed. Troels Engberg-Pedersen; Louisville, London, Leiden: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001), 63–80. 12 “Bavli Berakhot 55a-57b: The Talmudic Dreambook in Context,” JJS 46 (1995): 230-248. 11 2. 15 Sefer Yetzirah proposes essentially an atomic model of the cosmos, in which all the diverse entities of the phenomenal world are seen as different combinations of twenty-two primary elements, symbolized by the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

D. Patterns: In all of these sections there are certain patterns that can be summarized as follows. 1. The laws governing the creation are unchanging. 14 a. 1 Enoch 72:1, a passage not reflected in the Aramaic fragments but entirely consistent with them, enunciates the point clearly: “The book about the motion of the heavenly luminaries, all as they are in their kinds, their jurisdiction, their time, their name, their origins, and their months which Uriel, the holy angel who was with me (and) who is their leader, showed me.

He who does a deed is stoned; he who holds the eyes is exempt, yet it is forbidden. What is entirely permitted? ” 17 Raphael Patai, The Jewish Alchemists (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994). 18 Biblisch-talmudische Medizin (Berlin: S. Karger, 1911; repr. Farnborough, Hants: Gregg International, 1969; English version trans. F. Rosner; New York and London: Sanhedrin Press, 1978). 16 2. 19 Whatever the deep ‘logics’ of the Talmud may be, it is simply not true as a matter of historical fact to say that Jews—even Rabbinic Jews—were totally uninterested in the natural sciences in late antiquity.

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Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov


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