By Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political conception and for the overall reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and objective of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complex by means of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying precise awareness to modern concerns. The e-book additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with specified connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how different ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic structures of presidency are finally dependent upon diverse theories of good judgment.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
Plato's Theory of the Ideal State 3 5 ground that they are based upon the relationship of eternal Forms. If this were not the case he would not regard morality as a possible object of knowledge. It is, he thinks, a possible object of knowledge for those who have been suitably trained just because the goodness of a thing is determined by the Form of the Good, and its goodness can therefore be recognized by those who are acquainted with that Form, or whose knowledge issuesfromit 2 Now it must be conceded that, even if moral propositions are a priori, there may not be any way of demonstrating this truth to anyone who fails to recognize it.
A man of similar interests and aptitudes would today probably be a university teacher of philosophy, but when Socrates lived there was nothing corresponding to a university. Higher education, as we should call it, was carried on by the professional teachers known as the Sophists, who offered instruction to anyone who was willing to pay for it Socrates thought the receipt of such payment degrading, but his method of teaching was in many ways similar to that of the Sophists, although the doctrines which he taught were different Socrates taught by the method of question and answer, which was known as * dialectic'.
Plato thinks that the essence of morality isjustice, but it is important to recognize that he is using the word in a much wider sense than would now be customary. The English word 'justice' is derived from the Latin word ius, which means 'what is enforced by human authority'. That is an essentially legal conception, but for Plato the word had a moral significance, and is probably best translated simply as 'goodness'. The object of the Republic is, then, to enquire into the nature of goodness and the way in which it may be known.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray