By J. Benzing, A. Von Gabain, O. Pritsak, N. Poppe, K. H. Menges, A. Temir, Z. V. Togan, F. Taeschner
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Extra resources for Altaistik: Turkologie
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Visser, Fredericus T. 1984. An Historical Syntax of the English Language, Vol. 2: Syntactical Units with One Verb (continued). Leiden: Brill. Wanner, Dieter. 2006. The Power of Analogy. An Essay on Historical Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Warner, Anthony R. 1990. Reworking the history of English auxiliaries. In Papers from the 5th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, Cambridge, 6–9 April 1987 [Cur rent Issues of Linguistic Theory 65] Sylvia Adamson, Vivienne Law, Nigel Vincent & Susan Wright (eds), 537–558.
As I mentioned above, it is not the longer construction itself which is reduced or ellipsed, the construction is replaced. This is due, no doubt, to the much higher frequency of the dynamic/ deontic construction, featuring the same verbs, and helped by the fact that the language system now allowed structures which have been called ‘Subject-raising’. 16 A modal followed by a personal agentive verb with epistemic meaning (as in He may come in late) is rare in the corpus. In other words, an intransitive impersonal infinitive is still usu ally present.
This is an adequate description of the semantic and formal properties of the epistemic modal, where the past tense form does not refer to past time. However, it is also no more than a description. Because of its theory-internal nature, it does not explain why there is scope increase. This ‘lack’ of explanation is related to the fact that, unlike in the case of the adjectives described by Adamson, there is no real change in position on the surface level. The modals still appear in positions they already appeared in in Old English.
Altaistik: Turkologie by J. Benzing, A. Von Gabain, O. Pritsak, N. Poppe, K. H. Menges, A. Temir, Z. V. Togan, F. Taeschner