Download e-book for kindle: Access to basic infrastructure by the urban poor, Page 75 by Aurelio Menéndez, Economic Development Institute

By Aurelio Menéndez, Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.), International Development Centre (Canada), USAID Thailand

ISBN-10: 0821318152

ISBN-13: 9780821318157

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3)). Some analyses suggest that percentage increases are slowing down in the largest metropolitan areas but accelerating in medium-sized and small cities. 3 Moreover, urban settlements are growing more as a result of natural increase than as a consequence of migration from rural areas. This is the case in more and more Asian countries. Rural to urban migration contributes less than 35 percent of urban population growth in Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Pakistan, India, and Indonesia. In Pakistan in particular, urban migration accounted for only about 22 percent of the population growth in urban areas in the late 1970s (World Resources 1988, page 39).

However, because the poor cannot afford even the minimum level of charges, the participants generally advocated alternatives such as projects that incorporate targeted cross-subsidization, innovative program designs, or income-generating activities. It was agreed that while subsidies are not harmful in themselves, beneficiaries must be identified. Unfortunately, this is always a consuming activity in terms of time and people and, unless the poor are identified and actually given the subsidies, people other than the poor often end up benefiting.

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Access to basic infrastructure by the urban poor, Page 75 by Aurelio Menéndez, Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.), International Development Centre (Canada), USAID Thailand


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