By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the commonest relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local american citizens fixed to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this beneficial advisor offers a key to choosing many of the kinds of issues came upon alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless quarter stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to purple Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside of a a bit better zone extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the sleek Moline-Rock Island region to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of hundreds of thousands of miles and vacationing deepest creditors from all walks of lifestyles for the reason that 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this sector. as well as drawings of every sort, he presents different approved names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every kind. The advisor is intended for the various avocational archaeologists who acquire projectile issues within the higher Midwest and should be an invaluable reference instrument for pro box archaeologists in addition. Emphasizing the maintenance of websites in addition to a mutual trade of knowledge among specialist and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will display projectile issues as clues to the earlier, time markers which embrace the most important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Additional resources for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
A few serrated or beveled examples are known. Raddatz points (left) with straight or slightly convex bases are generally smaller, and may represent a shift in hunting technology to compound shaft darts. The Madison Side-Notched variant usually has a wide base with shallow side notches just above the base. These points are relatively crude description: r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 51 and are best described as wide Raddatz points with shallow side notches. They should not be confused with small, Late Woodland Madison triangular points.
These points are medium-size side-notched spear tips. Blades are triangular to parallel sided, with Osceola predominantly parallel, and converge sharply at the tip. Notches are moderate in size and tend to be U-shaped, inserted at right angles to the blade. Basal ears tend to line up with the blade edges. Bases are slightly concave to straight and are sometimes ground (usually on concave bases). Concave forms tend to be larger and are probably an early variant, having evolved from Early Archaic notched forms.
At the Crow Hollow site in the Kickapoo Valley of southwestern Wisconsin. distribution: These points are common in Illinois, Missouri, and eastern Iowa, although they are rare in the northern portion of the Upper Mississippi Valley. description: The points are small to medium spear-knife points. Blades are rel- atively thick, long and narrow with parallel sides that merge at a snub-point tip. They have short stems with shallow side notches, which are never deeper than they are wide. The blade of the Faint Side-Notched Matanzas merges with the stem forming a shallow concave curve.
A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide) by Robert F. Boszhardt