By Edwin A. Lyon
Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize
This complete examine offers a historical past of latest Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Nineteen Thirties and early Nineteen Forties and specializes in the initiatives of the Federal Emergency reduction management, the Civil Works management, the Works development management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.
using fundamental resources together with correspondence and unpublished experiences, Lyon demonstrates the good significance of the hot Deal initiatives within the historical past of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology reworked the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the foundation for the self-discipline that exists this day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity useful in reconstructing the historical past of the tasks that generated the numerous collections that now fill our museums.
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Extra resources for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology
From the top of prosperity in 1929 to the bottom of depression in 1933, GNP dropped by a total of 29 percent, consumption expenditures by 18 percent, construction by 78 percent, and investment by an incredible 98 percent. 9 percent. ,,2 The South, as other regions of the nation, suffered from the depression. 5 billion to $45 million and a decline in income from the tobacco crop of two thirds. 3 In the cities unemployment increased until by 1933 many southern cities had at least 30 percent unemployment.
Despite his recognition of the difficulty of defining a culture area, Stirling believed that the Southeast was comparable to culture areas such as the Southwest. He knew that "a culture area after all is an arbitrary and artificial device whereby a certain region characterized by distinctive traits is set apart for purposes of consideration. "95 He noted that William Henry Holmes had classified pottery in the eastern United States into five major areas at the beginning of the century but much more information available allowed Stirling to recognize thirteen archaeological areas in the South.
Stirling found little proof of cultural change and concluded that the culture was probably static. "3!
A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon