By Martin Kitchen
That includes revised and prolonged assurance, the second one version of A background of contemporary Germany deals an obtainable and engagingly written account of German historical past from 1800 to the current.
Provides readers with an extended view of contemporary German historical past, revealing its continuities and changes
Features up to date and prolonged insurance of German social swap and modernization, classification, faith, and gender
Includes extra intensive assurance of the German Democratic Republic
Examines Germany's social, political, and financial history
Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, post-war department, the cave in of Communism, and advancements in view that re-unification
Addresses neighborhood background instead of concentrating on the dominant position of Prussia
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Extra info for A History of Modern Germany: 1800 to the Present
The only successful revolt was in the Tyrol, which had been annexed by Bavaria in 1805. Andreas Hofer, supported by the Archduke John, lead a brilliant guerrilla campaign in the mountains, defeating the French and Bavarian forces in a rapid series of engagements. But this was a traditional, Catholic, and regional movement at odds with the spirit of the age. Hofer was eventually captured and executed in Mantua. Major Schill and the patriotic publisher Palm shared a similar fate, to become the first three martyrs of the German cause, whose memory was recalled in the 22-year-old Ludwig Uhland’s “Ich hatt’ einen Kamaraden” (“I had a comrade”) which became an immensely popular patriotic anthem later to be appropriated by the nationalist and militaristic right.
The entrenched powers of the aristocracy were such that there were strict limits to the reform. A particularly intractable question was that of appropriate compensation for the loss of feudal obligations. This could hardly be in the form of immediate money payments since the peasantry was miserably poor and the state overburdened with debt. Compensation in land was even harder to determine. A decision was therefore postponed. It was not until 1821, when the reaction was winning the upper hand, that a commutation was finally put into effect.
Demographers have come up with all manner of ingenious explanations for this, but none is convincing. Perhaps it is appropriate that the motives behind this most personal of decisions should remain a mystery. It has been estimated that the population of the German Confederation in 1816 was just under 33 million. By 1865 it had risen by 60 percent. During this period about 3 million Germans emigrated, most of them to the United States. Although there are considerable regional differences in all these figures, the average expectation of life was terribly low in spite of many improvements.
A History of Modern Germany: 1800 to the Present by Martin Kitchen