By Jonathan Wagner
Human migration figures prominently in glossy global heritage, and has performed a pivotal function in shaping the Canadian nationwide nation. but whereas a lot has been written approximately Canada's multicultural historical past, little consciousness has been paid to German migrants even supposing they compose Canada's 3rd biggest eu ethnic minority. A background of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 addresses that hole within the checklist. Jonathan Wagner considers why Germans left their domestic kingdom, why they selected to settle in Canada, who assisted their passage, and the way they crossed the sea to their new domestic, in addition to how the Canadian govt perceived and solicited them as immigrants. He examines the German context as heavily as advancements in Canada, providing a brand new, extra entire method of German-Canadian immigration. This publication will attract scholars of German Canadiana, in addition to to these drawn to Canadian ethnic background, and ecu and smooth overseas migration.
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Additional info for A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939
The impli- Migration in the 1850s and 1860s 25 cations of this are clear: families, rather than individuals travelling alone, composed the majority of German emigrants in the first several decades after 1850. "35 This preindustrial emigration declined only toward the end of the 1860s, when the number of independent small farmers and artisan families among the departing started to drop off. Meanwhile, as Germany's industrialization progressed, the proportion of unmarried, landless agricultural workers and factory labourers in the emigrant population expanded.
The ignorance of Canada and the negative image problem in Europe and Germany were interrelated, and both had existed for some time. "42 In England, Kipling's vision of Canada as "Our Lady of the Snows" held sway long before he published his poem. In France, Voltaire's popularization of Canada as a frozen land inhabited by savages endured. "44 When one ponders the real motivations behind the emigration at midcentury, Canada's negative image in Germany assumes even greater importance. Most historians who have considered this emigration agree that fundamental social and economic forces in Germany drove the outmigration: the threat of pauperization and precipitous social decline pushed these emigrants out of Europe.
41 Why Germans chose British North America in general and specifically Upper Canada depended on several factors, including chance. As with nearly all transoceanic migrations, the decision was influenced by the general economic conditions in the sending and receiving lands and the political climate affecting whether they would be able to leave the old world and enter the new. Free Canadian land available for any intended settler certainly acted as a powerful inducement, but the reasons many emigrants ended up in Canada can only be described as fortuitous.
A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 by Jonathan Wagner