By Adriaen van der Donck
This variation of an outline of latest Netherland offers the 1st whole and exact English-language translation of an important first-hand account of the lives and international of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden college within the 1640s, turned the legislation enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, positioned alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to have interaction commonly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, designated recorder, and obtainable author, Van der Donck was once preferably located to write down approximately his studies and the normal and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant used to be first released in 1655 after which improved in 1656. An faulty and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity positive factors a correct, polished translation by way of Diederik Willem Goedhuys and contains all of the fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variations. the result's an necessary first-hand account with enduring worth to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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Additional resources for A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World)
The river is spacious and broad, clear and deep, not muddy or weed clogged, and suitable everywhere for mooring and anchoring. 10 Fine, level land extends on both sides, not too high, though above the water level and the ﬂood tide, excepting some reed beds and marshes. Above the falls the river divides into two large, navigable streams, which continue very far to unknown territory. The river contains several beautiful islands and has many other splendid features. Well-traveled observers rank this river with the most attractive anywhere and compare it to the superb Amazon River, not so much for its size as for the other outstanding qualities of the river and the surrounding countryside.
The Dutch have since then called and traded continually at the places thus acquired, and when the charter of the West India Company was granted, this territory was included in it. Although we had some places with fortiﬁcations, settlers, and livestock there before then, since several forts, farms, and plantations have been established. Also, many tracts of land were purchased from the natives and other evidence of possession given from time to time, as is shown at length in the above-mentioned Remonstrance of the community of New Netherland, to which we refer the interested reader.
Forty-four miles from the sea the North River divides in two. One branch, through four streams, ascends to the great falls of the Maquas-kil [Mohawk River], known as the Cohoes Falls, of which we shall have more to say presently. 13 This is supposed to be the Lake of the Iroquois, which is as big as the Mediterranean Sea, forty miles wide, and stretches beyond the horizon, even when seen from the middle. Its many extensive marshes, reed lands, and swamps are too wide to see across, and great ﬂocks of waterfowl are said to breed there in summer.
A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World) by Adriaen van der Donck